Ecozon@: European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment http://ecozona.eu/ Journal of Literature, Culture and the Environment en-US <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:<br><br>a) Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal (CC BY-NC for articles and CC BY-NC-ND for creative work, unless author requests otherwise.</p> <p>b) Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</p> <p>c) Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See <a href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</p> ecozona.editor@gmail.com (Ecozon@ Administration) ecozona.editorial.assit1@gmail.com (Ecozon@ Technical Support) Thu, 31 Oct 2019 10:53:06 +0100 OJS 3.1.2.1 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Ecozon@ 10.2 Editorial http://ecozona.eu/article/view/3308 <p>Editorial.</p> Axel H. Goodbody Copyright (c) 2019 Ecozon@: European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment http://ecozona.eu/article/view/3308 Thu, 17 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0200 Ecological In(ter)ventions in the Francophone World: An Introduction http://ecozona.eu/article/view/3309 <p>Introduction.</p> Anne-Rachel Hermetet , Stephanie Posthumus Copyright (c) 2019 Ecozon@: European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment http://ecozona.eu/article/view/3309 Thu, 10 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0200 Imitating Men to Better Unmask them. Pierre Huyghe's Environmental Project http://ecozona.eu/article/view/2943 <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman; font-size: medium;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; In the work of Pierre Huyghe, the animal presence, without questioning the human presence, can help to define what makes "the human of the man". This is one of the ambitions of </span><em><span style="font-family: Times New Roman; font-size: medium;">Human Mask</span></em><span style="font-family: Times New Roman; font-size: medium;">&nbsp;(2014), his movie featuring a monkey wearing an anthropomorphic mask. The artist seeks once again to create an ecosystem in which the animal evolves, its intervention having the effect of producing a form of reincarnation of the human body, and the reinvestment of its environment. Thanks to this unwilling actor, Huyghe revisits and even foils the work of the Man and, consequently, his representations of the world.</span></p> Vincent Lecomte Copyright (c) 2019 Ecozon@: European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment http://ecozona.eu/article/view/2943 Sat, 05 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0200 Writing, representing, imagining the nuclear power plant http://ecozona.eu/article/view/2961 <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This article aims to contribute to the study of nuclear power plants’ narratives, through the analysis of several recent texts in French. The author examines themes and figures linked to the nuclear power plant such as the teratoid body, imprisonment, the alienating engine and its appeal, space management, and the dialectics of the visible and the invisible to tackle issues, ranging from the socio-political to the ecological and epistemic.</p> Pilar Andrade Copyright (c) 2019 Ecozon@: European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment http://ecozona.eu/article/view/2961 Fri, 04 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0200 Inventing a Vegetal Post-Exotic in the Work of Antoine Volodine http://ecozona.eu/article/view/3134 <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The physical environment plays a key role in the writing of Antoine Volodine, and in that of his “post-exotic” pen name authors. The ruins of human construction and the unwelcoming landscape of the post-apocalyptic world contribute to this literature’s bleak and menacing atmosphere. The ongoing catastrophe portrayed in Volodine’s work is equally environmental, human and political.&nbsp; This article will focus on the environment as agent and as a victim of violence, especially in the novels <em>Terminus radieux </em>[<em>Radiant Terminus</em>]<em>&nbsp;</em>and&nbsp;<em>Herbes et golems </em>[“Herbs and Golems”],&nbsp;and attend to what a&nbsp;specifically literary&nbsp;post-exotic engagement with the environment would look like.&nbsp;In addition to investing the floral with agency, the literary production itself acts as a form of political resistance that is dependent on one’s relationship with that world.&nbsp; Volodine applies&nbsp;his extensive power of invention as a linguist to&nbsp;naming herbs&nbsp;as a reparative and political act.&nbsp;The collective of post-exotic writers takes the side of the wild herbs they name and gives a voice to them by&nbsp;creating a place for them in literature.&nbsp;Questions driving my analysis of the vegetal post-exotic in Volodine’s work include: Can resistance take place without solidarity with the environment, and what would that solidarity look like? What communication can one have with the natural environment in the post-exotic mode that follows the cataclysm? Can one speak in the place of plants or other non-human agents? How must language change both what it is telling and how it tells it in a world in which disaster has already occurred and humans are only one of many agents who must contend with its aftermath?&nbsp;</p> Gina Stamm Copyright (c) 2019 Ecozon@: European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment http://ecozona.eu/article/view/3134 Sun, 29 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0200 The Screaming Forest: An Ecocritical Assessment of Le Cri de la forêt http://ecozona.eu/article/view/2962 <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; From a postcolonial ecocritical standpoint, this essay analyzes the play <em>Le Cri de la forêt</em> (2015) co-authored by Henri Djombo, a cabinet minister from Congo-Brazzaville, and Osée Colin Koagne, a stage director and environmental activist from Francophone Cameroon. Mindful of the rich biodiversity of the Congo Basin where the playwrights originate, the essay interrogates why the forest in the play is screaming and moves on to engage with related ecological questions such as the scapegoating of witchcraft and doubtful traditional beliefs amidst climate change. It examines the controversial ways in which the play simultaneously promotes indigenous knowledge systems and capitalism. Furthermore, the essay grapples with the oft-debated role of overpopulation on climate change and ecological degradation, particularly in regions of the global South such as Africa. And, finally, it explores the playwrights’ depiction of women and children as both victims and combatants of environmental collapse, stressing their important role in fighting climate change as opposed to some critics’ claims that they are merely helpless victims. The essay therefore constitutes a double intervention in ecocriticism in the Francophone African world: both the playwrights and the present author seek to intervene in ecological discourses and actions.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Resumen</strong></p> <p>Desde un punto de vista ecológico y poscolonial, este ensayo analiza la obra <em>Le Cri de la forêt</em> (2015) en co-escrito por Henri Djombo, ministro de gabinete de Congo-Brazzaville, y Osée Colin Koagne, director de escena y activista ambiental de Camerún Francófono. Consciente de la rica biodiversidad de la Cuenca del Congo, de donde se vienen los dramaturgos, el ensayo cuestiona por qué el bosque en la obra grita y se involucra en cuestiones ecológicas relacionadas, como el chivo expiatorio de la brujería y las creencias tradicionales dudosas en torno al tema del cambio climático. Examina las formas controvertidas en que la obra promueve simultáneamente los sistemas de conocimiento indígenas y el capitalismo. Además, el ensayo aborda el papel tan debatido de la superpoblación sobre el cambio climático y la degradación ecológica, en particular en regiones del Sur global como África. Y, finalmente, indaga la representación de los dramaturgos de mujeres y niños como a la vez víctimas y combatientes del colapso ambiental, destacando su papel importante en la lucha contra el cambio climático en contravención de las afirmaciones de algunos críticos de que son simplemente víctimas indefensas. Por lo tanto, el ensayo constituye una doble intervención en el ámbito de la eco-crítica en el espacio francófono africano: tanto los dramaturgos como el autor actual buscan intervenir en los discursos y acciones ecológicas.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Kenneth Toah Nsah Copyright (c) 2019 Ecozon@: European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment http://ecozona.eu/article/view/2962 Sun, 29 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0200 Counter-culture and Environmentalism in Quebec: An Ecosociety to Build http://ecozona.eu/article/view/3009 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Different studies about the countercultural movement in Quebec in the 1970s have not yet reached a consensus about the legacy left by this movement on contemporary culture. However, they do not examine in any depth the environmental thought and politics that have emerged in Quebec over the last twenty years. In this article, I will show that the countercultural movement’s legacy is to be found in large part in today’s environmental discourse in Quebec. To illustrate this, I will analyse the notion of ecosociety and the utopian society as proposed and articulated by the authors of the Quebecois countercultural magazine <em>Mainmise </em>and other key environmental thinkers of this period.</p> Mariève Isabel Copyright (c) 2019 Ecozon@: European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment http://ecozona.eu/article/view/3009 Tue, 15 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0200 Ecomorphism, Towards a Culture of the Living. View from the Trees at the Museum, Symbolic "Perches" http://ecozona.eu/article/view/2886 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p><strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</strong>From the point of view of trees—a symbolic observation post—artists open breaches between plant, animal and human worlds, engaging with processes of acculturation. Ecomorphism—from oikos as habitat and morphé as form—is the result of a species’ adaptation to its environment. At the edge of worlds, the museum is not a closed place; it is a “perch”, an essential observatory for viewing social evolution. As a contemporary avatar of the human urban world, the museum cultivates symbolic forests to disorient the visitor and create links between worlds. Beyond a nature in crisis, a double ecopoetic of artistic and literary works emerges in the museum. Perched on a tree, levitating in the middle of a forest, or like a giant spruce laying horizontally, artists forge singular points of view and symbiotic bonds with living organisms that exemplify movement through and across worlds. Applied to the recurrence of artistic works, scenographies and exhibition narratives, ecomorphism is this process of adaptation that pushes our perceptions and ecological consciousness towards a culture of the living. Let us follow the path of ecomorphism that leads through a silent (r)evolution or artistic invasion of wild nature forms, like so many possibly transformative encounters with the living world.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Edith Liégey Copyright (c) 2019 Ecozon@: European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment http://ecozona.eu/article/view/2886 Wed, 09 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0200 In Earth-belly. An Organic Approach to Metropolisation http://ecozona.eu/article/view/3082 <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; By means of a drifting navigation through the Parisian metropolis, this text explores the symbolic and material intersections of the human belly and the earth, in an urban context. It examines the circulation, within and across the city, of some of the materials that shape this territory: from subterranean public transportation, to the excavation of soils and rocks, and the assimilation of nutrients in the bodies of city dwellers. The earth is considered as the ground under our feet, as the planet itself, as a multiple entity, which both devours, swallows, and is digested by the metropolis that extends on its surface. At the same time, this exploration also asks what power the human belly, as a place and environment, silently hides and conceals. The characters involved, both contents and containers, transport the reader from one scale to another, from the smallest cell in the body of a singular organism to the matter of an entire region. This exploration is part of a series of textual experiments that adopt a poetic approach to address the complexity of ecological phenomena and the imaginaries associated with them. Leaving room for chaos, the goal is to present such phenomena as they traverse human terrains, intimately slipping from one dimension to another, from the large to the small, from the symbolic to the material, from the scientific to the felt. Focusing on food and digestive functions, this essay pays careful attention to the dialogue between the earth and the human belly and engages with the figure of Mother Earth without reducing it to an essentialized femininity. Ultimately, this essay aims to address contemporary environmental issues by way of a renewed approach to the body as relational matrix.</p> Marine Legrand Copyright (c) 2019 Ecozon@: European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment http://ecozona.eu/article/view/3082 Thu, 10 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0200 The Dog-Fabulist: Glimpses of the Posthuman in A Dog’s Heart (1925) by Mikhail Bulgakov http://ecozona.eu/article/view/2890 <p class="s2">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Mikhail Bulgakov’s science-fiction novella <em>A Dog’s Heart</em> (<em>Собачье сердце</em>, 1925) is a brilliantly wry account of an experiment to graft human organs onto the body of a stray mutt, with unexpected consequences. The dog turns into a despicable, unruly hominid that wreaks havoc in Professor Preobrazhensky’s already endangered bourgeois existence. Critics have seen the story mostly as a prophecy predicting the downfall of the <em>homo sovieticus</em>: the uncontaminated, witty voice of the dog-narrator does not spare either the aristocratic opportunists of the new regime, or the violent, unruly proletarians. However, from an animal studies perspective, Bulgakov’s story, along with examples from Mikhail Zoschchenko’s and William Golding’s anti-utopian fiction, may also be investigated as an exhortation to discover new narratives of “intra-action” (Barad) among all sorts of living agencies, and as an enactment of what Joseph Meeker calls the “play ethic,” where more-than-human and human beings participate on equal terms in the game of survival and co-evolution. Through a comparative analysis of the three main characters, Sharik, Sharikov and Preobrazhensky, this article shows how Bulgakov’s story is not only a fable about human fallibility and political conflicts, but also opens a window onto a posthuman alternative.</p> <p class="s2">&nbsp;</p> <p class="s2"><span class="s6">&nbsp;</span></p> Luigi Gussago Copyright (c) 2019 Ecozon@: European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment http://ecozona.eu/article/view/2890 Mon, 30 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0200 Toxic Chemicals in Samanta Schweblin’s Distancia de rescate (Fever Dream) http://ecozona.eu/article/view/2920 <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Published in 2014 under the Spanish title <em>Distancia de rescate</em> and then in English translation as <em>Fever Dream</em> in 2017, Samanta Schweblin’s first novel joins the long and celebrated inventory of Argentinean literary works that draw upon innovative forms to question our reality. Set in a small town “four and a half hours” away from the capital, <em>Fever Dream</em> presents the stories of Amanda and Carla, two women whose lives are forever changed by the nightmarish environment around them, as they deal with the physical, emotional, and mental effects of the exposure to an omnipresent substance. In this article, I analyze <em>Distancia de rescate</em> (<em>Fever Dream</em>) in the context of the global change in ecosystems driven by toxic waste and persistent pollutants as byproducts of industrial and agricultural capitalist practices. From this perspective, Schweblin’s novel poses some thought-provoking questions: How does an environment altered by chemical poisons affect our perception of reality? How can we talk about concepts such as medicine, science, and superstition? What are we to do in the face of such invisible but omnipresent menaces? What possibilities does literature offer to examine the effects of the spread of toxic chemicals at a global scale? I intend to propose some answers by establishing a dialogue with previous works that have examined the presence of toxic chemicals in the environment from a historical, anthropological, and literary studies perspective.</p> Óscar A. Pérez Copyright (c) 2019 Ecozon@: European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment http://ecozona.eu/article/view/2920 Mon, 16 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0200 El Capitan as a Site for Male Healing from Trauma in Jeff Long’s The Wall and Tommy Caldwell’s The Push http://ecozona.eu/article/view/2924 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Nature and mountains are often represented as places of healing in literature and the media, especially for white, healthy, and middleclass men. However, discussions on nature and gender in relation to trauma are rare, and a specific discussion on the representation of male mountain climbers’ traumas is missing. In this article, we are interested in how nature, particularly the famous mountain El Capitan, is represented in Jeff Long’s novel <em>The Wall</em> (2006) and Tommy Caldwell’s memoir <em>The Push</em> (2017) as a specific spatial location of healing for male rock climbers, who at the same time are both victims of traumatic events and partially responsible for the development of those events. More specifically, this article places ecofeminist and ecological masculinities scholarship in dialog with trauma studies and analyzes these texts with the aim of showing how representations of trauma relate to those of nature and masculinity. In this analysis, questions of how certain aspects of ecological and hegemonic masculinities relate to representing trauma, nature, and masculinity are central, as are issues of perpetrator trauma and the non-generic character of traumatic experience. Ultimately, we show how representations of nature, trauma, and masculinities in the primary texts converge and reflect a plurality of gendered responses to trauma and healing in nature.</p> Harri Salovaara, Marinella Rodi-Risberg Copyright (c) 2019 Ecozon@: European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment http://ecozona.eu/article/view/2924 Mon, 16 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0200 Editorial http://ecozona.eu/article/view/3282 <p>Editorial.</p> Damiano Benvegnù Copyright (c) http://ecozona.eu/article/view/3282 Mon, 28 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0100 why, my love, did we get divorced? http://ecozona.eu/article/view/3182 Dominique Weber Copyright (c) 2019 Ecozon@: European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment http://ecozona.eu/article/view/3182 Fri, 04 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0200 Poems http://ecozona.eu/article/view/2927 <p>Two poems.</p> Catherine Diamond Copyright (c) 2019 Ecozon@: European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment http://ecozona.eu/article/view/2927 Fri, 04 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0200 Persephone's Nightmare http://ecozona.eu/article/view/3137 <p><strong>Abstract</strong> &nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Translation of a poem by Nikos Gatsos that sets modern Greek environmental issues against Greek mythology: Eleusis is the setting for the most important ancient shrine of Demeter and Persephone, goddesses associated with Earth’s fertility, and a modern industrial wasteland.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Clayton Miles Lehmann Copyright (c) 2019 Ecozon@: European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment http://ecozona.eu/article/view/3137 Fri, 04 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0200 The Wake of Wonder http://ecozona.eu/article/view/2751 <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; It is part of a sonnet sequence in seven parts, each a crown of sonnets. It explores the environmental crisis in a structured formal work.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Rosemarie Rowley Copyright (c) 2019 Ecozon@: European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment http://ecozona.eu/article/view/2751 Fri, 04 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0200 Book Review of Nordic Narratives of Nature and the Environment: Ecocritical Approaches to Northern European Literatures and Cultures http://ecozona.eu/article/view/3272 <p>Book review.</p> Julia Ditter Copyright (c) 2019 Ecozon@: European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment http://ecozona.eu/article/view/3272 Fri, 04 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0200 Book Review of Cli-Fi. A Companion http://ecozona.eu/article/view/3255 <p>Book review.</p> Tomas Buitendijk Copyright (c) 2019 Ecozon@: European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment http://ecozona.eu/article/view/3255 Sat, 28 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0200 Book Review of The Shifting Sands of the North Sea Lowlands http://ecozona.eu/article/view/3252 <p>Book review.</p> Astrid Bracke Copyright (c) 2019 Ecozon@: European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment http://ecozona.eu/article/view/3252 Wed, 18 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0200 Book Review of Postgrowth Imaginaries: New Ecologies and Counterhegemonic Culture in Post-2008 Spain http://ecozona.eu/article/view/3164 <p>Reseña.</p> Alejandro Rivero-Vadillo Copyright (c) 2019 Ecozon@: European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment http://ecozona.eu/article/view/3164 Sat, 28 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0200 Book Review of Transatlantic Landscapes. Environmental Awareness, Literature and the Arts http://ecozona.eu/article/view/3100 <p>Book review.</p> Daniel Ares López Copyright (c) 2019 Ecozon@: European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment http://ecozona.eu/article/view/3100 Wed, 25 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0200 Book Review of Making the Most of the Anthropocene: Facing the Future http://ecozona.eu/article/view/3070 <p>Book review.</p> Joseph Lloyd-Virgil Donica Copyright (c) 2019 Ecozon@: European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment http://ecozona.eu/article/view/3070 Mon, 09 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0200 Credits 10.2 http://ecozona.eu/article/view/3310 <p>Credits.</p> Irene Sanz Alonso Copyright (c) 2019 Ecozon@: European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment http://ecozona.eu/article/view/3310 Sat, 12 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0200 Whole Issue http://ecozona.eu/article/view/3361 <p>Whole Issue</p> Diana Villanueva-Romero Copyright (c) 2019 Ecozon@: European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment http://ecozona.eu/article/view/3361 Tue, 29 Oct 2019 17:09:28 +0100