Norwegian Futurisms: Posthumanism and the Norwegian Nordic Model in Tor Åge Bringsværd’s "Du og Jeg, Alfred" and "Alfred 2.0"


  • Karl Kristian Swane Bambini Østfold University College



posthumanism, intertextuality, Nordic model, Norway, science fiction, ecodystopia


In Norway, much of the Science Fiction published over the last two decades has been dystopian and focused on the future effects of climate change on society. In light of this trend, this article explores how the ecodystopian duology, Du og jeg, Alfred: Et tidsbilde (2020) and Alfred 2.0 (2022), written by Tor Åge Bringsværd under the pseudonym Edgar Burås, reflects on and criticizes the Norwegian Nordic model, particularly in relation to Norway’s oil wealth, social welfare, consumerism, and ecological concerns. As both novels mobilize characters and technologies that blur and confuse the boundaries of the human, the posthumanist theories of Donna Haraway are utilized in interpreting their cultural and socio-political symbolism. Additionally, these novels also serve as an intertextual update to Astrid Lindgren’s Emil i Lönneberga series (1963-1970), with the traditional boundaries of familial relationships pushed into posthuman notions of gender, age, and species. This article ultimately argues that the ecodystopian setting and posthuman characters posit an intersectional diversity and multispecies kinship that challenge notions of ecological and social sustainability in the Norwegian Nordic model. This article begins by introducing Bringsværd and the core texts, then concretizes the Norwegian Nordic model and explores the ecodystopian setting in light of neoliberalism and nationalism, and concludes with a discussion of posthumanism and intertextuality.


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Author Biography

Karl Kristian Swane Bambini, Østfold University College

Karl Kristian S. Bambini is a PhD fellow at Østfold University College and is conducting his research training at the University of Agder. Drawing on the fields of ecocriticism and utopian studies, his dissertation discusses how Norway’s recent wave of ecodystopian literature criticizes the Norwegian welfare state, particularly the rising tensions between Norway’s green environmental practices, oil-driven economy, and rising consumer culture. Bambini completed his masters at the University of Oslo in 2015 and has previously published on dystopian SF literature.






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