Reclaiming 'The Land', Restoring 'The Garden'? Georgian Georgic in the Modernist Moment and Beyond


  • Matthew Griffiths Independent scholar



Sackville-West, Georgian poetry, labour, T.S. Eliot, modernism


To scrutinize georgic’s position between progress and tradition, this article will focus on the way those forces become legible in poems composed between the end of the First and Second World Wars. I will examine Vita Sackville-West’s long georgics The Land (1926) and The Garden (1946) to argue that they indicate the scope of what is possible in the genre given the challenges of both modernity and modernism. Her poems demonstrate that, in seeking to navigate the changing material and cultural landscapes, the labour of maintaining an imaginative tradition can be both productive and problematic. The article will assess the way Sackville-West positions herself as a writer in relation to the figures of the agricultural labourer and gardener and to the classical tradition, as well as her claims about the language in which georgic can and should be written. Each poem will also be compared to the poetry and criticism of her modernist contemporary T.S. Eliot, with particular reference to The Waste Land, Four Quartets and his essay “Tradition and the Individual Talent.” Engaged in a struggle on both agricultural and cultural fronts, The Land and The Garden are prone to inconsistency and, even by their own standards, failure. But in these failures as well as their successes both poems are committed to finding a way of writing human engagement with the land and literature. As such, they can be instructively read in the present moment to prompt questions about the way we engage with land and language in the Anthropocene, negotiating between competing modes of writing and more broadly between natural and human agency.


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Author Biography

Matthew Griffiths, Independent scholar

I hold a PhD in English Studies from Durham University, and am the author of the monograph The New Poetics of Climate Change: Modernist Aesthetics for a Warming World (Bloomsbury Academic, 2017). I have also published on US poet Jorie Graham, the poetry of bee colony collapse, and the fiction of Ian Fleming. As a creative writer, my publications include the poetry collection Natural Economy (Red Squirrel Press, 2016) and the science-fiction novel The Weather on Versimmon (Big Finish, 2012).






Articles: Eco-Georgic: From Antiquity to the Anthropocene