San, the First More Than Human Princess




speculative narrative, more-than-human agency, colonialism, feminism, posthumanist, ecoanimation


San is the main character of the 1997 epic fantasy film Princess Mononoke written and directed by Hayao Miyazaki and animated by Studio Ghibli. The intellectualized interpretation of a paradigmatic and polyhedral fictional character like San, and her qualification as post-humanist, allows us to introduce a series of tropes (activism, ecology, performativity and network) that are the result of situations translated into a gender sense. San is in this way understood as an embodied reality: she is a post-humanist figuration of an ambitious theoretical assemblage that incorporates the approaches and practices of many authors who feed each of the aspects that define this activist, ecofeminist and more than human princess, in a narrative that is definitely far from the canons of humanism and its dual imaginary. From a gender perspective, this article uses the practice of storytelling as a strategy to share situated knowledge of reality. It raises the need to create fictional stories that feed on careful thinking to give access to science to an important community of receivers. Assuming that the suppression of what is habitual can be a powerful way to knowledge, it shows a piece of animation as a study case, where the animated graphic development gives agency to all kinds of elements that inhabit conflictive territories as an architectural field of human and non-human experiences. By means of a reading of Princess Mononoke from post-humanist discourses that perceive life within care networks and outside the limits of human otherness, this article shows how from narrative practices it is possible to talk about activism against capitalism, extractivism, colonialism and necropolitics through a body in the midst of a process of industrialization, in the generalization of wage labor and in the expansion of hetero-patriarchal violence.


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Author Biographies


Nerea González Calvo es socióloga, especializada en intervención social y en crítica y comunicación cultural. Actualmente realiza la tesis doctoral en el programa de Doctorado en Comunicación Arquitectónica (DOca) de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. El título provisional de la misma es “Superando el Antropoceno: Cartografía de las prácticas feministas situadas, hacia habitares hibridados.” Los principales intereses de González Calvo se sitúan en las relaciones  entre cuerpos, género y tecnología, prácticas artísticas, mundos más que humanos y narrativas especulativas feministas.


Atxu Amann y Alcocer es arquitecta, profesora titular en la Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura de la Universidad politécnica de Madrid donde es responsable del grupo de investigación HYPERMEDIA, coordinadora del programa de doctorado en Comunicación Arquitectónica DOca y directora del Máster Universitario en Comunicación Arquitectónica MAca, impulsando prácticas e investigaciones situadas, feministas en la lucha por un mundo más que humano.





Articles: General Section